Alerts National News

Sample CT Goat Milk For Indian PT Radiation: It’s What the Law Requires

Hon. Rob Klee
CT Department of Energy and Environmental Protection v
79 Elm Street
Hartford CT 06106

Milk Sampling for Radiation Downwind of Indian Point

Dear Commissioner Klee:

As you know, Connecticut General Statutes §22a-135(a)(4) provides as follows:

The Department of Energy and Environmental Protection shall: …
(a)(4) monitor radiation originating from nuclear plants and perform tests to detect any buildup of radioactivity in the soil, water, plants or animals of the state.

The Indian Point nuclear power station, located in Buchanan NY, routinely releases carcinogenic radioisotopes to the air and water.

 upper - Coquette, lower - Princess
upper – Coquette, lower – Princess

The Fairfield County Connecticut community of Greenwich is located 18 miles DOWNWIND of Indian Point at its closest point. See­health-risks-to-fairfield-county-ct-of-keeping-the-indian-point-nuclear-reactors­open/ (“The portion of Fairfield County with the highest cancer incidence rates are the towns in the southwest part of the county, directly downwind and closest to Indian Point.”)(Report dated 2008)

My own community of Redding is located approximately 30 miles DOWNWIND of Indian Point.

Despite the fact that Indian Point routinely releases carcinogenic radioisotopes to the air, which blows in accordance with the prevailing southeasterly winds into nearby Connecticut, to my knowledge, your agency has never monitored radiation emanating from Indian Point in Connecticut’s soil, water, plants or animals.

Dana Blue Eyes
Dana Blue Eyes

It is well recognized, even by nuclear reactor operators, that cow and especially goat milk are the best known indicators of radioactivity in the environment from nuclear power plants. See, e.g., Dominion Nuclear Connecticut 2015 Annual Environmental Radiological Operating Report at page 4-6 (“Typically, the most sensitive indicator of fission product existence in the terrestrial environment is the radiological analysis of milk samples.”).

This is, therefore, a request that CT Department of Energy and Environmental Protection initiate without further delay a program to monitor cow and goat milk in cows and goats grazing downwind of Indian Point.

I specifically request that your agency initiate such monitoring with samples of goat milk collected from goats grazing at the Redding Goat Sanctuary, 14 7 Cross Highway in Redding, which is where I reside. I have available a plentiful supply of fresh goat milk which I would be willing to hand-deliver to the offices of the Connecticut Department of Public Health state laboratory – which has a 30-plus­year history of analyzing goat and cow milk samples from the Millstone nuclear power station vicinity in southeastern Connecticut, continuing to the present.

For your information, radioisotopes detected in goat milk near Millstone pose grave health risks to all biological species; they are especially harmful to pregnant females and their developing babies. See, e.g., For your information, the owners and operators of Indian Point do not monitor cow or goat milk for levels of radioactivity. See, e.g., Indian Point 2016 Annual Environmental Radiological Operating Report,

I look forward to your prompt reply,


Nancy Burton

Alerts Millstone News National News

Test Goat and Cow Milk DOWNWIND from Millstone

Why Does Dominion Sample Goat and Cow Milk UPWIND of Millstone? Coalition Asks DEEP to Test Goat and Cow Milk DOWNWIND from Millstone

Re: Goat and Cow Milk Sampling Near Millstone

Dear Commissioner Klee:

I write on behalf of the Connecticut Coalition Against Millstone to request that CT DEEP commence immediately to carry out a program of sampling goat and cow milk from animals grazing downwind from and in the near vicinity of the Millstone nuclear power station. This letter is informed in part by our experience with Katie the Goat, who grazed five miles from Millstone and whose milk was found by then-DEP to be highly contaminated with carcinogenic radioisotopes. (See

Presently, Millstone’s owner and operator, Dominion Nuclear Connecticut, Inc. samples cow milk from a location (“22-X”) 10.5 miles WestNorthWest from Millstone and goat milk from a location (“23-X”) 11.9 miles NorthNorthWest of Millstone. Please refer to the “Dominion Nuclear Connecticut, Inc. Millstone Power Station Units 1, 2 and 3 – 2016 Annual Radiological Environmental Operating Report” issued on April 29, 2017.

Neither location is downwind of Millstone with regard to prevailing winds traveling from northwest to southeast.

In the same report, Table A-1 lists “Active Dairy Cows Within 20 Miles of Millstone Point – 2016.” Of the 15 locations listed, eight (8) have a “North” or “Northeast” orientation and are located in Stonington, North Stonington and Preston. The closest of these (Preston) is given as 14.1 miles “NE” of Millstone.

In the same report, Table A-2 lists “Dairy Goats Within 20 Miles of Millstone Point – 2016.” Of the 15 locations listed, five (5) have a “NE” or
“E” orientation and are located in Mystic, Preston, Pawcatuck and Westerly RI. The closest of these (Mystic) is given as 12 miles “ENE” of Millstone. The closest goat location is given as 2.1 miles “N” of Millstone in Waterford.

The report further states at page 4-6 inter alia

“Typically, the most sensitive indicator of fission product existence in the terrestrial environment is the radiological analysis of milk samples. Milk is a widely consumed food, therefore it is usually one of the most critical exposure pathways.”

Connecticut General Statutes Section 22a-135(a)(12) mandates that DEEP “monitor sources of ionizing radiation … within the state.”
Goat or cow milk which contains radionuclides is a “source of ionizing radiation … within the state.”

As a matter of simple science, monitoring milk from cows and goats grazing upwind of Millstone (Locations 22X and 23X) is far less likely to detect levels of ionizing radiation, such as is routinely released by Millstone into the air, than monitoring milk from cows and goats grazing downwind from Millstone.

Given the undoubted criticality of assuring that cow and goat milk deriving from farms downwind of Millstone is free of ionizing radiation, and given that Millstone, the company in the best position to monitor the milk from cows and goats downwind of Millstone but does not do so, it is imperative that DEEP take on this task for the health and safety of its residents, as the statute mandates.

I look forward to your response.


Nancy Burton

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Millstone News National News

Comprehensive Energy Strategy 2017 Needs to be Revised and Reconsidered

Dear Ladies and Gentlemen:

Herewith follow comments by the Connecticut Coalition Against Millstone, which I direct, responding to the draft Comprehensive Energy Strategy 2017 (CES 2017) regarding electricity generation.

(1) The CES misses the boat on clean, green sustainable energy. With wind plentiful off the Connecticut coast, it is shameful that it has not been tapped to replace Millstone and no plans are in place to realize this opportunity. The same goes for wave energy, which in a recent storm event carried off tons of cubic yards of Millstone shoreline, leaving the nuclear site even more exposed to flooding and devastation. Many critical Millstone nuclear components are located in FEMA-identified flood zones and the trend is for accelerating expansion of such zones which could isolate the nuclear station in an emergency, leading to catastrophe. The 500-acre site could easily be converted to a solar/wind/wave energy park but CES has not considered this possibility.

(2) The CES continued reliance on nuclear energy produced at the Millstone nuclear power station is dangerous and dirty and completely unmindful of the operational history of this nuclear power station under its former and current owners (committing federal felonies regarding toxic waste discharges to the Long Island Sound, retaliating against whistleblowers, deliberately disabling its perimeter security system to save costs, creating record discharges of radioactive emissions to the air and water, defying the U.S. Department of Homeland Security directive after September 1, 2001 to install a taxpayer-funded floating barrier to protect the intake structures from catastrophic terrorism, producing ever-increasing tonnage of high-level radioactive waste for which there is no storage solution by means of repeated power “up-rates,” being among only a few of the nastier highlights). Indeed, shortly after September 11, 2001, U.S. Homeland Security identified Millstone as Connecticut’s Number One most dangerous terrorism target. Continued reliance on Millstone electricity defeats the CES goals of achieving clean air, clean water and reliability and security.

(3) Millstone’s production of nuclear energy is not carbon-free. First, such a designation disregards the extraordinary production of greenhouse gases in all the fuel extraction, processing and transport preceding fission at the nuclear station. Equally important, the designation disregards the fact that radioactive carbon-14 – routinely produced and emitted by Millstone round-the-clock to our air and water – is a greenhouse gas.

(4) Permitting Millstone to continue operating defeats the CES goal of increasing energy security. Millstone holds the near-record for SCRAMs – unplanned sudden shutdowns due to equipment malfunctions and/or human error. So many times have we been spared by sheer luck! The next time we may not be so lucky. A Millstone meltdown would be a Northeast-USA-corridor economic, not to mention social and cultural and environmental, meltdown the likes of which has never been seen. Do keep in mind: WINDMILLS DON’T MELT DOWN.

It’s time to bury the “too cheap to meter” nuclear myth and put Millstone to mothballs.

The CES needs to be revised and reconsidered so that more than lip service is paid to the phrases “energy security,” “clean air,” “clean water,” “waste reduction goals.”

Thank you for your attention to these concerns.