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Here’s How Dominion Treats Its Workers at Millstone

Dominion dispatched two workers to Millstone’s highly radioactive Unit 3 containment during its June 2021 refueling outage without telling them in advance about their known risks to high radiation exposure and without providing them with protective gear to shield themselves from the radiation.

It was only after the workers entered the high-radiation containment that they were assigned a task added at the last minute: to collect a reactor coolant system sample that would inevitably expose them to far higher radiation exposures than they had been told about. Under federal law, the last-minute work assignment required Dominion to provide them with extra shielding in advance of the work assignment.

After collecting the sample and while cleaning the radwaste collection bucket by hand, a “dose rate alarm” went off and the workers hurriedly evacuated containment.

Upon exit, they unknowingly set off personal contamination monitors and required immediate “skin decontamination.”

The alarm set point was 300 millirem per hour of radiation exposure; the workers’ electronic dosimeters measured nearly double that number: 590.

The two workers experienced 21 and 25 millirem of radiation to the “whole body.” The worker who cleaned the bucket containing a sample of highly radiation-contaminated reactor coolant received a whopping additional 242 millirem to the skin of his hand.

We express deep remorse over Dominion’s deliberate mistreatment of the anonymous nuclear workers, dismissing their avoidably excessive radiation exposures – linked scientifically to potentially fatal cancers and genetic defects that can be transmitted to their offspring – as “collateral damage” in its mad rush to complete the outage and return to government-subsidized, richly profitable generation of electricity.

Can you guess where the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission placed blame for the workers’ rad-alarms going off and their health-threatening radiation contamination?

Quick and easy answer: THE WORKERS THEMSELVES.

Read the NRC’s inspection report released to the public on November 12, 2021, nearly five months ago to the day after the event.

Although the workers were prepped in general on their assignment to containment that day, Dominion deliberately withheld from them the last-minute high-risk add-on assignment to collect a coolant sample, the heightened risks involved and failed to outfit them with self-protective equipment as required by law.

Whose fault? THE WORKERS: They should have asked for updated heightened exposure risks and appropriate additional self-protective equipment, according to the NRC.

In the NRC report’s own words, “The workers failed to adhere to the . . . requirements for entry into high radiation areas by failing to contact the radiation protection staff when the areas they needed to access and the activities they needed to perform changed from what was described during the initial briefing to enter the high radiation area.”

How serious a violation of law occurred?

The NRC scored it “green” – Under the category of “Occupational Radiation Safety,” NRC ranked it “a finding of very low safety significance” and did not penalize Dominion.

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Dominion Violated Federal Law, Allowing Hurricane Ida to Flood Millstone No Penalties Assessed

Dominion violated federal regulations when it failed to activate storm protection procedures when Hurricane Ida hit southeastern Connecticut in September, allowing floodwaters to close in near the Unit 2 reactor, the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission has just disclosed, as reported by The Associated Press. See “Millstone Failed to Prevent Some Flooding During Ida.

Millstone operators should have activated storm gates in advance of the hurricane based on weather forecasts the morning of September 1, the NRC said. The storm brought 3.6 inches of rainfall to the vicinity on September 1.

The operators’ disregard of operational safety protocols resulted in “flooding of the Unit 2 nuclear reactor’s radiologically controlled area.”

Dominion admitted it did not close any floodgates until 8 P.M. and left two floodgates open throughout the weather event, despite official forecasts beginning at 11 AM of up to 6 inches of rainfall at the rate of 1 to 2 inches per hour. Ida caused the deaths of 50 people in six states, including a Connecticut state trooper.

The NRC condemned Dominion for not taking “timely action to place the plant in a safe condition prior to the arrival of a major storm.”

Although Dominion was subject to a potential fine for violating federal law by disregarding storm safety mandates, the NRC excused the offense without a penalty when Dominion said it would consult multiple weather forecasts in the future.

Thousands of tons of highly radioactive spent fuel are stored onsite in a flood-prone area near Jordan Cove, near a densely occupied neighborhood in Waterford. When Dominion applied to store more spent fuel in that area, the Connecticut Coalition Against Millstone intervened in opposition, citing among other reasons the failure of the Connecticut Siting Council to consider the potential environmental impacts from increasingly intense storms due to climate change. Nevertheless, the expansion was approved and upheld by the Connecticut courts in 2008.

Read more here about lax federal oversight of flood-prone storage of high-level nuclear waste destroying Native American heritage sites, as reported by The New York Times on November 14, 2021.

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Indian Point nuclear power station permanently shuts down April 30, 2021!

Because of COVID we can’t celebrate in the streets so we’ll celebrate online.

This historic moment represents the end of Indian Point continuous releases of lethal radiation to the air we breathe.

Now we are free to focus on permanently shutting the Millstone nuclear power station in Waterford, Connecticut.

There could not be a better time than now – Take a look at this graphic taken from Dominion’s website that displays “projected” and “actual” releases of radiation to the air by Millstone in 2020 and 2021.

You can see that from October 1 – November 16, 2020 – when Millstone Unit 3 was shut down temporarily for a refueling outage, that it released the highest levels of radiation to the air compared with when it was actually producing electricity.

Your government is permitting this known health hazard to continue, raining radioactivity on our families and communities and contributing to increased cases of cancer and diseases of blood, vital organs and premature mortality without consequences to Dominion’s bottom line.

As this graphic illustrates, we are due for another increased dosing of radiation by Millstone in April and May 2021.

Without this graphic, the public would have no readily available information about heightened releases and heightened health risks at this time.

Credit the Connecticut Coalition Against Millstone for its public service: The Coalition, with the help of then-state representative Diana Urban, got the state legislature to enact a law requiring Dominion to post graphics such as this one on its website in advance of planned radiation releases to the air.

Check out Conn. Gen. Stat. Sec. 22a-135(c). It provides: “ [Nuclear] Licensees shall post on their web sites all plans for routine and continuous releases of radiation to the atmosphere, including dates, times and fissile materials, as soon as such releases are scheduled.”

Before passage of this law, Dominion suppressed this information. It may be an understatement. Who’s checking?

Help us reach our goal: Permanent shutdown of Millstone.

Millstone’s Units 2 and 3 (Unit 1 is already permanently shut down) are the same vintage as Indian Point’s and suffer the same problems of aging and decades of cost-cutting.

Find out how you can help us reach this goal: email us at

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The Lonesome and Cruel Death of Beautiful Coco

Coco the Goat died unattended in state custody on April 7, 2021.

She was illegally seized from her home, along with her kids, Shadow and Baby, and her entire goat family, under false pretenses and a warrant secured by fraud by agents of the State of Connecticut.

The reason?

Coco and her goat family were the heart and soul of the Mothers Milk Project. Visit

The Mothers Milk Project collected samples of milk from goats and human mothers and had it analyzed by an independent certified laboratory for the presence of radioisotopes released by routine operations of the Millstone and Indian Point nuclear power plants.

That’s why Coco and her goat family were so dangerous to the State of Connecticut: they provided irrefutable scientific evidence of ongoing dangerous radiological contamination of the environment.

Milk samples from the goats and human mothers revealed the presence of strontium-90 and strontium-89 – both deadly carcinogens especially harmful to children and developing babies.

Goat milk collected from 147 Cross Highway in Redding, Connecticut, downwind of Indian Point, contained detectable levels of strontium-89: 2.1 and .4 picoCuries/liter on two different dates.

Breast milk from human donors residing in the Hudson River Valley in 2009 contained detectable levels of strontium-89: 3.3 picoCuries. A sample of goat milk collected in Duchess County NY in 2008 contained 5 picoCuries per liter. Because of the unique characteristics of strontium-89 – particularly its relatively short half-life of 50 days – if it can be detected it is scientific proof that it was dispersed to the nearby environment recently by a nuclear fission event.

For years, the State of Connecticut Department of Environmental Protection collected and sampled milk collected from goats near Millstone. In a residential neighborhood two miles downwind of Millstone in Waterford, Connecticut, riddled with cancer and other diseases resulting from radiation exposure, DEP routinely detected radioactivity in goat milk. DEP kept its records secret, buried in its basement archives. It never informed the public, not even those living two miles downwind of Millstone.

Goat milk is considered the “gold standard” for measuring radioactive contamination of the environment.

The Waterford goats have moved on and DEP has terminated its goat milk sampling program.

That’s why Coco and the Mothers Milk Project are so dangerous to the State of Connecticut, which is devoted to propping up Millstone with secrecy, lies and deceptions and concealing its true dangers to the public it is obligated to serve.

The Mothers Milk Project is devoted to exposing the truth about Millstone’s deadly human impacts.

Coco’s unnecessary and tragic death occurred on March 7, 2021. To date, the State of Connecticut has revealed no “official” explanation of the death.

But we know that Coco died from despair, malpractice of state veterinarians and the determined, sick and deliberate cruelty of the State of Connecticut.

Coco was healthy and bright-eyed when she was stolen from her home.

As Coco’s illegal seizure was underway – a sneak attack with no advance notice – Coco’s owner pleaded for the opportunity to share Coco’s complicated medical history, prescribed medication and social history with veterinarians and staff of the state’s Department of Agriculture (“DOAG”) responsible for the brazen raid so they could provide appropriate care to her during her temporary confinement at the DOAG facility.

DOAG ignored her pleas; DOAG and its agents deliberately discontinued Coco’s course of treatment in knowing ignorance of her medical history.

In the days that followed, Nancy repeated her pleas to the Commissioner of DOAG, Bryan Hurlburt, Bruce Sherman, acting state veterinarian and many others in the state government.

All her pleas were ignored.

Coco was deliberately and wrongfully deprived of the medical care and therapy she needed by the State of Connecticut.

A Connecticut-state-licensed veterinarian is under a legal duty of care to obtain the medical history of an animal he or she is treating from its owner if available. Failure to do so is grounds for malpractice and license termination.

Had they listened to Nancy, DOAG’s veterinarians and staff would have known that shortly after giving birth to two beautiful kids, Shadow and Baby, Coco was head-butted by another goat. Goats are known to head-butt. The blow to Coco was crippling: she could not stand and could not nurse her newborn babies. Nancy obtained milk from other recent goat mothers and bottle-fed the babies for weeks. They thrived. Nancy sequestered Coco from the other goats and tended to Coco’s needs, including applying physical therapy. Coco was completely reliant on Nancy for her needs and the two developed a deep bond of love. Although Coco wanted to, she could not nurse her babies, but that did not lessen their extraordinary attachment. Eventually Coco was back on her own feet and strong enough to rejoin the herd. But she would continue to have a limp. Her bond with Nancy never diminished in its intensity. Coco acknowledged Nancy’s gift to her – life itself – every time she cast the gaze of her beautiful blue eyes toward Nancy. Coco herself was a gift.

After they seized Coco and her children and all the others, DOAG agents noticed Coco had a limp. They did not ask Coco how she got her limp. In a state of wilful ignorance, the State of Connecticut translated the limp – of origin unknown to them – as evidence of neglect and cruelty by Nancy, co-founder of the Mothers Milk Project.

The people of the State of Connecticut need to stop its shameful and dastardly animal cruelty and abuse. It is not just an egregious violation of animal and human rights. It is a moral outrage.

Nancy is determined to win the battle to free the goats from their imprisonment by the state. The goats need to be removed from temporary state custody immediately.

Won’t you please help?

This battle is expensive. You will be rewarded with a jolt of personal satisfaction that you contributed to the safety and well-being of a precious animal in service to the public interest.

Please mail a donation to:

Mothers Milk Project
c/o Nancy Burton
147 Cross Highway
Redding CT 06896 You may also contact Nancy at Thank you!

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Ukraine Allowing Its Children To Be Fed Milk Contaminated with High Levels of Radiation 35 Years After Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant Disaster

Thirty-five years after the deadly Chernobyl nuclear power plant disaster, milk collected thirty miles away and fed to children remains heavily contaminated with radioisotopes released during the 1986 Ukraine nuclear catastrophe.     

The devastating and long-lived effects of the Chernobyl nuclear explosion have been reported on January 11, 2021 by University of Exeter researchers in the Journal of Environment International.     

 The scientists found that 48 per cent of grain samples collected during a recent study from an agricultural region more than 30 miles south of Chernobyl – beyond the designated 30-mile, 1,000-square-mile exclusion zone where agricultural products are prohibited from market and human habitation is prohibited – and fed to grazing cattle contained dangerous levels of strontium-90 and cesium-137.     

Both radioisotopes are produced only during nuclear fission; exposure to them can lead to long-term health risks including increased cancer risks.     

Nearly half the grain samples contained levels of strontium-90 at above government-imposed “safety consumption limits,” according to the study.       

Children and pregnant women are particularly vulnerable because strontium-90 mimics calcium in the human body and is incorporated into developing bones and teeth where it can remain for years and cause bone cancer and other deadly diseases.     

On June 8, 2018, The New York Times reported that in villages located as far as 140 miles northwest of Chernobyl, radioactivity concentrations in milk were up to five times the Ukrainian government’s official limit for adults and more than 12 times the official limit for children, citing studies by Greenpeace Research Laboratories at the University of Exeter in England and the Ukrainian Institute of Agricultural Radiology.       

“Children are still drinking contaminated milk, which is heartbreaking,” according to Iryna Labunska, primary author of the study. Posted January 16, 2021  

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Nuclear Madness X 100 X 94

UPDATE: The People Say NO to 100-Year Nuclear Power Plant Licensing: Karl Grossman report of January 21, 2021 NRC Meeting
The U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission is considering extending the Millstone nuclear power plant licenses for reactor Units 2 and 3 to 100 years.
      The Millstone Unit 2 license expires on July 31, 2035; Millstone Unit 3 on November 25, 2045.
     Millstone Unit 2, which went online on January 17, 1975, was granted a 20-year extension to its initial 20-year operating license on January 12, 1988.
     Millstone Unit 3, which went online on January 23, 1986, was granted a 20-year extension to its initial 20-year operating license on November 28, 2005.
     Millstone is notorious within the nuclear power industry for its years of license violations, corrupt practices, climate of secrecy and retaliating against whistleblowers.
     Millstone’s reactors set records for excessive radiation releases to the environment. Its operational history is fraught with perilous events including two hydrogen explosions and record numbers of unplanned shutdowns due to mechanical and operator error.
     The Connecticut Coalition Against Millstone exposed Millstone’s failure to account for two missing high-level spent fuel rods which had been gone missing for 30 years; the NRC fined the company a measly $288,000 for this gross ongoing security and safety violation.
     In an unprecedented move, the NRC placed the three Millstone nuclear units on its “Watch List” because of systemic corruption and license violations. Millstone Unit 1 never recovered; it was permanently shut down in 1998; Nevertheless its elevated spent fuel pool continues to pose a high security threat. After the events of 9-11, the U.S. Department of Homeland Security designated Millstone as Connecticut number one terrorist threat. While it no longer produces electricity, Millstone Unit 1 continues to require licensing for its continuance discharges of radioactive waste to the Long Island Sound. Millstone’s corporate owner paid a record fine of $10 million for 25 counts of lying to federal investigators and for falsifying environmental reports. A Connecticut state judge issued a temporary restraining order in 1999 which kept Millstone Unit 2 shut down for ten days during the peak native winter flounder spawning migration so the species would not be extirpated.
     The list goes on.
     The last of the Indian Point nuclear reactors on the Hudson River will close this spring forever. They are of the same vintage as Millstones reactors.
     The Millstone reactors should share the same fate.
     However, in a desperate and extreme move to rescue the dangerous, dirty and failed nuclear industry, the NRC is considering extending the nuclear licenses of the nation’s 94 operating nuclear Reactors, including Millstone’s, to 100 years.
     The NRC is conducting a public webinar on January 21, 2021.
     Say NO to this extreme act of nuclear madness.
     Here are details, courtesy of Beyond Nuclear:
NRC to discuss extending reactor operations
On January 21, 2021, the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission will convene a day long public webinar to discuss extending the operating licenses of the nation’s 94 atomic power stations to 100 years. The event will include presentations, panel discussion with nuclear utilities (Nuclear Energy Institute, Entergy and NextEra), the Department of Energy, the Electric Power Research Institute and Beyond Nuclear’s representative Paul Gunter.
The interested public is encouraged to watch the webinar and call in questions and comments at designated points in the agenda. For more information on how to attend the webinar and comment, click here.
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H. Jack Geiger November 11, 1925 – December 28, 2020

We celebrate the magnificent life and mourn the passing of H. Jack Geiger, a co-founder of Physicians for Social Responsibility, who “redefined what it meant to be a physician,” on December 28, 2020.

“He felt it was our right and responsibility as doctors to ‘treat’ hunger, poverty and disparities in health care as directly and openly as we treat pneumonia or appendicitis,” said Dr. Irwin Redlener, co-founder of the Children’s Health Fund.

Physicians for Social Responsibility, an advocacy group, shared the 1985 Nobel Peace Prize for its efforts to end the nuclear arms race. The organization also advocates to end reliance on nuclear power as a peril to human health and safety.

As a youth, he worked as a copyboy for The New York Times, which called him a “Rabble Rouser for Justice” in its obituary.

As a teenager, Dr. Geiger ran away from home to live in Harlem’s Sugar Hill section where he became deeply immersed in the culture of the Black community. Later as a student at the University of Wisconsin, he founded a chapter of the Congress of Racial Equality.

As a pre-med student at the University of Chicago, he encountered systemic racial discrimination against Black patients and Black medical students. He helped organize a mass faculty/student protest strike in the late 1940s, one of the first of its kind.

As a result of his activism, he was blacklisted, his career placed in doubt.

Dr. Geiger persisted, participating in the 1964 “freedom summer” when he traveled to Mississippi to help care for civil rights workers. He joined the Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King’s march from Selma to Montgomery, Alabama to provide medical care for the marchers.

He spent time in South Africa where he observed extreme poverty not very much different from what he observed among the poor in Mississippi.

Back in the U.S., he was criticized for dispensing food to poor people from government-issued pharmacy funds.

“Well, the last time I looked in my medical textbooks, they said the specific therapy for malnutrition was food.”

The government got off his back after that retort.

As a founder of Physicians for Social Responsibility in 1961, he argued that official predictions of the effects of nuclear war minimized the number of casualties and the extent of destruction that would result. With a degree in epidemiology from the Harvard School of Public Health, he co-authored a seminal article in the New England Journal of Medicine on the medical costs of nuclear war.

The article called for physicians to “explore a new area of preventive medicine, the prevention of thermonuclear war.”
Thank you Dr. Geiger for your exemplary life.

Millstone News Press Releases

States might allow high doses of radiation to public before evacuating from a nuclear accident during viral pandemic

News from Beyond Nuclear

For Immediate Release: July 2, 2020

Contacts: Paul Gunter, Director, Reactor Oversight Project, 301-523-0201 Cindy Folkers, Radiation and Health Specialist, 240-354-4314

States might allow high doses of radiation to public before evacuating from a nuclear accident during viral pandemic

Suppressed nuclear emergency plans during COVID-19 cause for concern says Beyond Nuclear

TAKOMA PARK, MD, JULY 2, 2020—Hospital patients and residents of nursing homes within ten miles of a nuclear power plant might not be evacuated during a major accident that occurs during a viral pandemic, until radiation exposure reached levels 50 times higher than levels considered to initiate evacuation, a state of Connecticut document has revealed.

These revelations were contained in an April 9, 2020 attachment to a document that briefly surfaced and then abruptly disappeared from the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) website. In it, the State of Connecticut Department of Energy and Environmental Protection (DEEP) Radiation Division said the social distancing necessities of the viral pandemic comprised “a significant impediment to an orderly evacuation” should a major nuclear accident occur.

Connecticut is home to the two-unit Millstone nuclear power plant on the Long Island Sound.

The DEEP statement revealed that, should a nuclear accident occur during a pandemic, the state proposed to raise the allowable radiation exposure to the general public to more than 12 times the threshold radiation dose (2 rem) currently recommended for evacuation by Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) guidelines.

For hospital and nursing home patients, Connecticut plans to delay evacuation until exposure levels exceed 100 rem, the point at which people would start experiencing radiation poisoning.

The Connecticut document was a response to a nationwide assessment by the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), of the viability of offsite radiological emergency plans for operating nuclear power stations during the COVID-19 pandemic.

“It is deeply disturbing that any authority in charge of public health would consider raising allowable radiation exposure doses to 100 rem,” said Cindy Folkers, Beyond Nuclear radiation and health specialist.

“Even the 2 rem standard is misleading and not safe,” added Folkers.“As the National Academy of Sciences maintains, there is no safe dose, but women, fetuses, babies and young children are more susceptible to harm from radiation. Raising the radiation exposure threshold at all, let alone to 100 rem, the level of onset for radiation sickness which can include vomiting and hair loss, is irresponsible in the extreme,” she said.

When FEMA Region 1, which handles Millstone and the Seabrook reactor in New Hampshire, reissued its June 2 statement on June 15, the Connecticut document was no longer attached.

However, the agency document maintains that “offsite radiological emergency preparedness remains adequate to provide ‘Reasonable Assurance’ and that appropriate measures can be taken to protect the health and safety of the public in a radiological emergency.”

No other responses from other states have been published by the NRC or FEMA, although in a recent teleconference with the agencies and industry, a FEMA official referenced an unpublished response from the state of Iowa — home to the Duane Arnold reactor.

“The public has a right to know what federal and state authorities have cooked up for them if a nuclear accident occurs while this pandemic is raging,” said Paul Gunter, Director of the Reactor Oversight Project for Beyond Nuclear. “If the additional state assessments are being withheld from the public record, that is cause for serious concern.

“We don’t know if Iowa is thinking along the same lines as Connecticut,” Gunter continued. “If the Connecticut example turns out to be typical, or the precedent, we are looking at the risk of significant radiation exposure being the acceptable plan as a trade off to avoid exposure to the viral threat. Either way it’s an impossible choice.”


Millstone News

Nuclear Power Safety Concerns in Michigan amidst the COVID-19 Pandemic

Nuclear Power Safety Concerns in Michigan amidst the COVID-19 Pandemic; Three-Dozen Groups and 62 Individuals Write Michigan Governor Gretchen Whitmer and Lieutenant Governor Garlin Gilchrist. II

Read more at Beyond Nuclear

Millstone News

Covid-19 is “a significant impediment to evacuation” during nuclear accident

The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) and many state emergency planning authorities in conjunction with the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) have been conducting COVID-19 Preparedness Assessments for the offsite emergency plans around U.S. nuclear power stations.

Read More at Beyond Nuclear